With an average GDP increase of more than 5% per year for the last four decades, according to Word Bank, South Asia is undoubtedly the region that has experienced the strongest economic growth, driven by countries such as India, Vietnam, Laos and the Philippines. The East Asia/Pacific region, represented by China, Japan and South Korea, among others, ranks just behind, with an average increase of 4.9 percent over the entire study period.
Besides Asia, since the 1980s, only Africa has exceeded the 4 percent average annual growth threshold once in a decade: that was between 2002 and 2011. Since 2012, the rate of GDP growth on the continent has fallen back to between 2 percent and 3 percent per year, but was still higher than that measured in North America and the Europe/Central Asia region (2.0 percent and 1.4 percent, respectively, over the past decade).
As this infographic also shows, the 2012-2021 period, hampered by the effects of the 2008 financial crisis and then by the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020, has one of the lowest growth rates measured over the period studied in most regions of the world.
En el mundo financiero un unicornio es una empresa cuya capitalización supera los 1.000 millones, pero no cotiza en bolsa. La valoración de estos es un claro ejemplo de la capacidad de un país en innovar. Pero también de preguntarse la capacidad de estas de ser rentable a largo plazo.
Según CB Insight (empresa privada de análisis de negocios) actualmente existen 1.066 empresas unicornio. El gran foco de estos equinos fantásticos reside en los Estados Unidos con 554, siendo China la segunda sede con 180.